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The term “20/20 vision” refers to normal visual acuity (the clarity or sharpness of one’s eyesight) measured at a distance of 20 feet. If you have 20/20 vision, you can clearly see what should normally be seen at that distance at 20 feet. If you have 20/100 vision, you must be as close as 20 feet to see what someone with normal vision can see from 100 feet away.

Having 20/20 vision does not imply that you have perfect vision. The term “20/20 vision” only refers to the sharpness or clarity of vision at a distance. Other important vision skills that contribute to your overall visual ability include peripheral awareness or side vision, eye coordination, depth perception, focusing ability, and color vision.

Some people can see well at a distance but struggle to focus on objects closer to them. Hyperopia (farsightedness) or presbyopia can both cause this condition (loss of focusing ability). Others can see items that are close to them but not those that are far away. Myopia may be the cause of this condition (nearsightedness).

Common Conditions

Your eyesight is classified into three types: nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Eyeglasses or contact lenses can help you correct your nearsightedness. Farsightedness, on the other hand, causes everything to appear blurry and limits your vision to near objects. Finally, astigmatism makes it difficult for your eyes to adjust to changes in light.

NEARSIGHTEDNESS

Nearsightedness (myopia) is a common vision condition in which you can see objects close to you clearly but not those farther away. It happens when the shape of your eye causes light rays to bend (refract) incorrectly, focusing images in front of your retina rather than on it.

Nearsightedness can develop gradually or suddenly, and it frequently worsens during childhood and adolescence. Nearsightedness is a trait that runs in families. Among the symptoms of nearsightedness are:

  • When looking at distant objects, your vision becomes blurry
  • The requirement to squint or partially close one’s eyelids in order to see clearly
  • Eye strain causes headaches
  • Difficulty seeing while driving, particularly at night

Nearsightedness is frequently detected in childhood and is commonly diagnosed between the early school years and the adolescent years. A child who is nearsighted may:

  • Squint all the time
  • Sit closer to the television, movie screen, or the front of the classroom is required
  • They appear to be unconcerned about distant objects
  • Blink frequently
  • Frequently rub their eyes

FARSIGHTEDNESS

Farsightedness (hyperopia) is a general vision condition where distant objects can be clearly seen, but nearby objects can be blurry. The extent of your vision influences your ability to focus. People with severe far-sightedness can only see objects far removed, while people with mild farsightedness can see objects closer.

Farsightedness can refer to:

  • Objects close to you may appear blurry
  • To see clearly, you must squint
  • You have eyestrain, which includes burning and aching in or around the eyes
  • You experience general eye discomfort or a headache after performing close tasks such as reading, writing, computer work, or drawing for an extended period of time.

ASTIGMATISM

Astigmatism is a common and generally treatable imperfection in your eye’s curvature that causes blurry distance and near vision. It happens when the curves of the cornea or the lens inside your eye are misaligned. The surface is egg shaped rather than having a single curve like a round ball. This result is blurry vision at all distances.

Astigmatism can manifest as the following signs and symptoms:

  • Vision blurred or distorted
  • Suffering from eye strain or discomfort
  • Migraines
  • Difficulty seeing at night

Causes

The style of your life and diet may affect your eyesight. If you drink too much alcohol and smoke cigarettes, it can damage the eye. The stress you experience and whether you have hereditary health conditions include other factors that affect your vision. While poor vision can, and is often, hereditary, you may have developed habits that ultimately lead to poor vision. These are some of the most common bad habits to change.

SCREEN TIME

Working on your computer or reading your smartphone for long hours may lead to a dry eye, blurred vision and other problems with health. Digital screen eye protectors may control your computer eye strain, but monitoring your screen time should take place. Every twenty minutes take regular breaks to look away from the screen, look away from the object and break your eyes. You should also blink slowly about ten times to help lubricate your eyes.

WATER

Your eyes are more likely to become dehydrated if you do not drink enough water. As a result, your eyes will be puffy, dry, and red. There is no set number of cups to drink per day. As a male, you should aim for 15.5 cups, while a female should aim for 11.5 cups. Urine color, on the other hand, is the best indicator of hydration. Ideally, you want urine that is light yellow in color. Clear urine may indicate that you are overhydrating.

DIET

Just as you should be mindful of your water intake, you should also be mindful of the foods you consume. A poor diet is harmful to your eyes. Foods that appeal to our eyes include leafy greens, eggs, nuts, and seafood.

SLEEP

When a person gets less than six to eight hours of sleep per night, eye fatigue and strain can develop. You are not the only one who requires sleep. When you get enough sleep, you allow your eyes to be constantly lubricated.

RUBBING YOUR EYES

Rubbing your eyes may appear to be a harmless habit, but it can result in new or worsening eye problems. If you rub your eyes too much, you can aggravate myopia and glaucoma, both of which have a direct impact on your vision. Keratoconus can develop as a result of excessive eye rubbing. This is when the cornea reshapes and thins into a cone shape instead of a round shape.

SMOKING

When you think of smoking and health issues, chances are your eyes aren’t the first thing that comes to mind. While smoking causes heart disease and lung cancer, it also causes vision loss. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), glaucoma, dry eye, and cataracts are the most common eye conditions that are exacerbated by smoking.

In fact, smokers are more likely than nonsmokers to develop AMD. To be precise, it is four times more likely. Cigarette smokers are also more prone to developing cataracts.

EYE PROTECTION

Did you know you can get sunburned eyes? Photokeratitis is a sunburn on the eye’s surface. Sunburned eyes are only one of the consequences of not wearing sunglasses frequently enough. Those who do not use sun protection on their eyes are more likely to develop macular degeneration, cancer, and cataracts.

DIM LIGHTING

Working in low-light conditions can cause similar problems to staring at a screen all day. To focus, your eyes must work harder, which can tire them out and cause eye fatigue. However, just as dim light is bad for your eyes, bright light isn’t much better. Examine your surroundings and make any necessary changes to help relieve your eyes.

Eye Correction

There is no quick fix for improved vision. However, you can improve your vision by increasing your intake of Vitamin A and lutein. Try incorporating carrots, Brussel sprouts, sweet potatoes, and spinach into your weekly menu. It won’t help you see in low light or at night right away, but it will help you see better over time.

Corrective lenses, whether glasses or contact lenses, are the most effective way to improve your vision. Many people with poor vision do not wear prescription glasses or contact lenses. If you’re thinking about trying this method, consult with your doctor to see how effective it would be for you.

 

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